This report looks at the potential role of four novel approaches based on recent technological advances - remote sensing tools; open-source satellite data; open-source trade data; and artificial intelligence - in monitoring and investigating compliance with WMD treaties. The report consists of short essays from leading experts that introduce particular technologies, discuss their applications in WMD regimes and consider some of the wider economic and political requirements for their adoption.
Borrett. V., Hanham. M., Jeremias. G., Forman. J., Revill. J., Borrie. J., Åstot. C., Baulig. A., Curty. C., Dorner. B.G, Fraga. C., Gonzalez. D., Mikulak. R., Noort. D., Raza. S. K., Tang. C., Timperley. C., van Straten. F.M, van Zalen. E., Vanninen. P., Waqar. F. 2020. “Science and Technology for WMD compliance monitoring and investigations”. WMD Compliance and Enforcement Series No. 11. Geneva, Switzerland: UNIDIR. https://doi.org/10.37559/WMD/20/WMDCE11
Government of Norway